Geography of Peru

President: Martin Alberto Vizcarra Cornejo

Land area: 1,285,216 sq km

Three main zones: dry coastal plain in the west where most of the cities and industry are located, high Andean plateau which is more agricultural, and Amazon jungle in the east.

Population: 31,036,656

Capital: Lima

Official language: Spanish, Quechua. Spanish-speakers 80.3%. Most Amerindians are Spanish-speaking or bilingual; 16.5% of the total population speak Quechua .  

Languages: 93

Peru is the third largest South American country, encompassing the Andes Mountains and dry coastal plains to the west and the Amazon jungle to the east. Peru boasts a thriving church of four million evangelicals but is also the world’s second largest producer of cocaine. War and poverty have multiplied the number of street children, who are often abused and exploited for labour. The prospect for economic development is great, but political corruption, a flawed tax structure, military spending, and enormous economic disparity keep the nation from progress.

Peru is a country with many climates and geographical zones that make it a very important agricultural nation. Peru ranks fifth worldwide in gold production ( first in Latin America), second in copper, and is among the top five producers. of lead and zinc. Peru is an international leader in fishing, producing nearly 10 percent of the world’s fish catch.

Unemployment: 7.0% Poverty rate: 19.3%

Religion of Peru

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